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Topic: Northwest Indians

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Treaty with the Nez Perce, 1855

This file contains the complete text of the Treaty with the Nez Perces, which was signed on the council grounds in Walla Walla County, Washington Territory, on June 11, 1855.

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Treaty with the Walla Walla, Cayuse, and Umatilla, 1855

The Treaty with the Walla Walla, Cayuse, and Umatilla was signed by signed by Isaac Stevens (1818-1862), Governor of Washington Territory, and by Pio-pio-mox-mox, chief of the Walla Wallas, Weyatenate...

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Treaty with the Yakama, 1855

The Treaty with the Yakama was signed on June 9, 1855, by Isaac Stevens (1818-1862), Governor of Washington Territory, and by Chief Kamiakin (spelled "Kamaiakun" in the treaty) and other tribal leader...

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Tulalip Tribes

The Tulalip Tribes is a federally recognized Indian tribe located on the Tulalip Reservation north of Everett and west of Marysville. Reservation boundaries set by the Point Elliott Treaty of 1855 gav...

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Tulalip Tribes Tour

This tour combines a look at both the history and present-day enterprise of the Tulalip Tribes. It was written by Margaret Riddle, curated by Priscilla Long, with maps by Marie McCaffrey. It was fund...

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Turning Point 16: When Worlds Collide: From Contact to Conquest on Puget Sound

The 16th essay in HistoryLink's Turning Point series for The Seattle Times focuses on the cultural interactions between Puget Sound's Native peoples and the first European explorers and early settlers...

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Wanapum People After Smohalla

In the 1850s, the Wanapum people were living peacefully at their village of P'na near the foot of Priest Rapids, on the Columbia River, where they practiced their Washani religion under the guidance o...

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Weaver, Timothy Roy (1944-2010)

Tim Weaver didn't set out to become a lawyer, let alone a lawyer specializing in Indian fishing rights. He just knew he wanted a profession that would allow him to control his work hours and leave tim...

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Wenas Valley -- Thumbnail History

The Wenas Valley in northwestern Yakima County has long been a transportation corridor for people traveling through the Yakima River Valley and across the Cascades. Indian tribes traveled through the ...

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Wenatchee Confluence State Park

Located at the confluence of the Wenatchee and Columbia rivers, in almost the exact center of Washington State, Wenatchee Confluence State Park is a study in dichotomies. The north side is a manicured...

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Whitebear, Bernie (1937-2000)

Native American leader Bernie Whitebear guided the United Indians of All Tribes Foundation, which provided social services to Native Americans. He ran the foundation for 30 years. He was famous for le...

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Whitman, Marcus (1802-1847)

Marcus Whitman, a man with unwavering cultural and religious convictions, was one of the first missionaries in the Northwest. He and his wife, Narcissa, established a mission on Cayuse land near Walla...

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Whitman, Narcissa Prentiss (1808-1847)

Narcissa Whitman might have lived out her life in historical obscurity but for two developments. The first was her decision, in 1836, to marry a missionary named Marcus Whitman (1802-1847) and travel ...

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Wilfred Steve's High School Years

In 1855, Puget Sound Indian tribes signed the Point Elliott treaty. The treaty called for the Snohomish, Snoqualmie, Skykomish, and other tribes to give up their ancestral lands and move to a small re...

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William Three Mountains the Elder and William Three Mountains the Younger

William Three Mountains the Elder (ca. 1823-1883) and his son, William Three Mountains the Younger (1864-1937), served as important leaders of the Spokane tribe from the fur trade and missionary perio...

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Williams, Christina McDonald (1847-1925)

Christina McDonald McKenzie Williams (1847-1925), the daughter of Hudson's Bay Company chief trader Angus McDonald (1816-1889), spent her childhood and young adulthood at Fort Colvile on the Columbia ...

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Yelkanum Seclamatan aka "Lynden Jim" (?-1911)

Yelkanum Seclamatan was a Nooksack chief who lived in the Lynden area for much of the nineteenth century and a small part of the twentieth. Though he was not the most dominant chief among the tribe, h...

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