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Topic: Northwest Indians

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Lokout (1834-1913)

Lokout was a Yakama Indian, a sharpshooter against the U.S. military, and an intelligence resource for historians. He outlived most of his friends and adversaries. Born of two chieftain families, he w...

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Makah Whaling

In 1999 and 2000, after a hiatus of seven decades, Makah Indian whalers again hunted gray whales from their ancestral lands around Cape Flattery on the Olympic Peninsula. The Makah, whose whaling trad...

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Manning, William Morley (1877-1944)

William Morley Manning, a native of Ontario, Canada, arrived in the Inland Northwest in 1897 to seek his fortune in the region's burgeoning mines. During the following decade, he worked as an assayer,...

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Marmes Rockshelter

The Marmes Rockshelter was one of the most significant archaeological sites in the Pacific Northwest, yielding thousands of Stone Age artifacts -- along with the oldest human remains yet to be found i...

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Mashel (sometimes Maxon) Massacre, (March 1856)

The incident known as the Mashel Massacre occurred in late March 1856 on the Mashel prairie just north of the confluence of the Mashel and Nisqually rivers (present-day Pierce County). It was the last...

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May 17, 1858: The Ordeal of the Steptoe Command

Randall A. Johnson (1915-2007) served as Sheriff of Spokane Corral of The Westerners, the group that published The Pacific Northwesterner quarterly magazine for many years. Johnson born in LaCrosse, W...

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McDonald, Finan (1782-1851)

Finan McDonald, one of the most colorful characters of the early fur trade period in the Northwest, crossed the Continental Divide in modern-day Alberta and reached the upper Columbia River in 1807 as...

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Middle Fork Nooksack River Fish Passage Project

The Middle Fork Nooksack River Fish Passage Project is the result of 20 years of studies and planning by the City of Bellingham and tribal, state, and private partners to bring fish back to the upper ...

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Milestones for Washington State History -- Part 1: Prehistory to 1850

This is a brief chronology of the milestones of Washington history. Part 1 begins at prehistorical times and goes to 1850. Search the HistoryLink.org database for detailed essays on these events.

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Mitchell Bay Tribe Descendants (San Juan Island) and Their Struggle for Lost Treaty Rights

The traditional life of Native Americans on San Juan Island was permanently disrupted in the second half of the nineteenth century by an influx of homesteaders, many of whom, however, chose Native Ame...

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Moses, Marya D. (1911-2006)

Marya D. Moses was raised within a Native American tribal culture that since time immemorial had included roles for both men and women to contribute to the gathering and preparing of salmon from local...

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Mourning Dove (Christine Quintasket) (ca. 1884-1936)

Mourning Dove was the pen name of Christine Quintasket, an Interior Salish woman who collected tribal stories among Northern Plateau peoples in the early twentieth century. She described centuries-old...

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Muckleshoot Indian Tribe

The Muckleshoot Indian tribe is an amalgam of several Native American tribes that have inhabited the region surrounding the White and Green rivers for centuries. Located on a six square mile reservati...

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Native Americans of Puget Sound -- A Brief History of the First People and Their Cultures

Major groups or tribes of Native Americans in the Puget Sound region include the Suquamish, Duwamish, Nisqually, Snoqualmie, and Muckleshoot (Ilalkoamish, Stuckamish, and Skopamish). They evolved comp...

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Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission

The Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission, an intertribal organization representing 20 Western Washington treaty tribes, formed in 1974 in response to circumstances created by the first ruling in the ...

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Ogden, Peter Skene (1790-1854)

Peter Skene Ogden, a fur trader employed by both the North West Company and the Hudson's Bay Company, worked throughout the Columbia region during the first half of the nineteenth century. Many acquai...

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Oliver, Marvin E. (1946-2019)

A multi-faceted artist, Marvin E. Oliver was an advocate and teacher who promoted Northwest Native American art and other artists of the Pacific Northwest. He worked in a wide range of media, includin...

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Peone, Baptiste (1820-1902?)

Baptiste Peone was a chief of the Upper Spokane band of the Spokane Tribe. He was portrayed in Spokane news accounts as a most unusual kind of chief -- a wealthy, shrewd businessman. Yet for most of h...

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Peterson, Qwalsius Shaun (b. 1975)

Qwalsius Shaun Peterson, of Puyallup and Tulalip tribal ancestry, is an important figure in the revival of Northwest Native art and cultural practices. Known for his work as a carver, painter, printma...

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Plante, Antoine (ca. 1812-1890)

The life of Antoine Plante -- voyageur, trapper, mountaineer, and ferry keeper -- spanned the period from the fur trade era to the white settlement of the Inland Northwest and the resulting tribal dis...

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Puyallup Land Claims Settlement (1990)

With the Puyallup Land Claims Settlement of 1990, the Puyallup Tribe of Indians was able to resolve many of the conflicts over land ownership between the Tribe and local commercial, private, and gover...

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Quinault Treaty, 1856

The Quinault Treaty was signed by Isaac Stevens (1818-1862), Governor of Washington Territory, and by Quinault Chief Taholah and other chiefs, subchiefs, and tribal delegates on the Quinault River on ...

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Rainier District Pow Wow (1934-1992)

Seattle's Rainier District Pow Wow was founded in 1934 as a day-long, community-wide picnic designed to lift spirits and promote cohesion in the midst of the Great Depression. Like its cousin, downtow...

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Reyes, Lawney (b. 1931)

Lawney Reyes, a Sin-Aikst Indian artist, architect, and author, overcame a childhood of poverty and discrimination to become an award-winning sculptor and a historian of Northwest Native American acti...

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